Spark 的一些名词术语

摘抄官网关于 Spark 中常用的一些名词术语:

ApplicationUser program built on Spark. Consists of a driver program and executors on the cluster.
Application jarA jar containing the user’s Spark application. In some cases users will want to create an “uber jar” containing their application along with its dependencies. The user’s jar should never include Hadoop or Spark libraries, however, these will be added at runtime.
Driver programThe process running the main() function of the application and creating the SparkContext
Cluster managerAn external service for acquiring resources on the cluster (e.g. standalone manager, Mesos, YARN)
Deploy modeDistinguishes where the driver process runs. In “cluster” mode, the framework launches the driver inside of the cluster. In “client” mode, the submitter launches the driver outside of the cluster.
Worker nodeAny node that can run application code in the cluster
ExecutorA process launched for an application on a worker node, that runs tasks and keeps data in memory or disk storage across them. Each application has its own executors.
TaskA unit of work that will be sent to one executor
JobA parallel computation consisting of multiple tasks that gets spawned in response to a Spark action (e.g. save, collect); you’ll see this term used in the driver’s logs.
StageEach job gets divided into smaller sets of tasks called stages that depend on each other (similar to the map and reduce stages in MapReduce); you’ll see this term used in the driver’s logs.
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